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Railway transportation services are executed by different types of rolling stock. Depending on character of cargo, constructions of cargo body, methods of loading and unloading, as well as providing of cargo safety divide: box cars, gondola cars, platforms, cisterns, dump cars, freight railroad cars of the bunker type and freight railroad cars – refrigerators.

The box car is used for transportation of cargoes, which require protection from atmospheric precipitations. A cargo body of box car is a construction that consists of frame with floor, four walls and roof. Universal box cars loading and unloading is executed through the doors located in side walls.
Gondola car is intended for transportation of cargoes, which do not require protection from atmospheric precipitations. Gondola cars have no roof, so it allows completely mechanizing loading. For transportation of bulk cargo there are gondola cars with hatches in the floor that allow mechanizing unloading of such cargoes.
Hopper car is special type of gondola car. Hopper car is used for mass transportations of fertilizers, cement, grain and other bulk cargoes. For protection from atmospheric precipitations covered hopper cars are used with loading hatches on a roof.
A platform is freight railroad car used for transportation of machines, equipment, long-length goods, containers, as well as bulk cargoes, which do not require protection from atmospheric precipitations.
Container platforms do not have sides and are equipped by special locks for fastening of heavy universal containers.

Platforms for wood transportation have end walls and additional special studs that prevent displacement of cargo.
Cisterns are used for transportation of liquid cargo, condensed gases and powdery materials.
Freight railroad cars of the bunker type are covered railroad cars or covered hoppers with one frame equipped with few containers intended for transportation of specific bulk cargo (flour, bitumen, granular materials).
A dump car is used for transportation and mechanized unloading of bulk and large-sized cargo.
Basic technical characteristics of freight railroad car are the following:

  • tare (dead load of empty freight railroad car);
  • cargo carrying capacity;
  • volume of cargo body;
  • area of floor;
  • length and other linear sizes.


The most common types and sizes of freight railroad cars are specified below:

BOX CAR

Internal dimensions Sizes of doors Weight Volume Loading
Box car mm mm t m3 t
length 15724 26,0 138,0 68,0
width 2764 3802
height 3050 2334

* the parameters of freight car can vary depending on a model and manufacturer

GONDOLA CAR

Internal dimensions Sizes of doors Weight Volume Loading
Gondola car mm mm t m3 t
length 12690 23,0 75,0 71,0
width 2890 3802
height 2050 2334

* the parameters of freight car can vary depending on a model and manufacturer

PLATFORM

Internal dimensions Sizes of doors Weight Volume Loading
Platform mm mm t m3 t
length 13300 23,5 71,0
width 2770
height 400

* the parameters of freight car can vary depending on a model and manufacturer

CISTERN

Internal dimensions Sizes of doors Weight Volume Loading
Cistern mm mm t m3 t
length 27,0 83,0 67,0
width
height

* the parameters of freight car can vary depending on a model and manufacturer

HOPPER

Internal dimensions Sizes of doors Weight Volume Loading
Hopper mm mm t m3 t
length 23,0 81,0 70,0
width
height

* the parameters of freight car can vary depending on a model and manufacturer